Railroad History by The Wannabe Railfan

1. "The Flying Dutchman"

The Flying Dutchman--LNER 4472  A3 class  4-6-2

Picture caption: "Marleyborne, Feb. 86, London".

Technical Data: A3 Class 4-6-2

Built: 1922-35
Withdrawn: 1959-66
Purpose: Express passenger and frieght service

Boiler Information

Grate Area: 41.25 square feet
Cylinder Size: 19 inches in diameter x 26 inch stroke
Boiler Pressure: 220 pounds per square inch.

Physical Information

Total Length: 70 feet, 5.125 inches
Total Operating Weight: 154.15 to 158.65 tons
Engine Weight: 96.25 tons
Tender Weight: 57.9 to 62.4 tons
Tender Coal Capacity: 8 to 9 tons
Tender Water Capacity: 5000 gallons
Driving Wheel Size: 6 feet, 8 inches in diameter
Tractive Effort: 32,909 pounds of force

The Flying Dutchman was one of many famous Gresley Pacifics that was built for the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) in Britain. The Class A3 was built between 1922 to 1935 with some Class A1 rebuilt to A3s from 1927 to 1948. The Flying Dutchman and its sister locomotives were derived from a fairly sound Pacific (4-6-2) design created by renown locomotive designer, Sir Nigel Gresley. The design (Class A3) was a modification of an earlier design (Class A1), which called for high boiler pressure (180 psi) and short travel valves to handle heavy passenger train at a relatively high rate of speed. This class of locomotive successfully capture the world record for steam traction. On November 1935, The Flying Dutchman, tyed a record of 100 miles per hour (161 KMh) set by a smaller 4-4-0 English locomotive in 1903. Another Class A3, The Papyrus, 5 month later, broke the speed record, with a speed of 108 MPH. Two month after that, The Milwaukee Road's Hiawatha No.2 Atlantic (4-4-2) broke that record with a speed of 112 MPH.

The Class A3 locomotives